Depression can be described as a temporary or permanent mood disorder that affects our physical and mental well-being . The symptoms that the affected person may show are: feeling of sadness, feeling of being unable to continue with his life in a normalized way, general tiredness, dejection, feeling of loneliness, loss of will to live and guilt for the situation, among others. Many.
What types of depression are there?
There are many types of depression , depending on the symptoms or the way it manifests itself, the intensity it presents, its origin and even the person who suffers from it. Therefore, it is very common to say that there are as many types of depression as there are depressed people. However, here are some examples of the most common:
– Depression due to grief: This type usually occurs in people who cannot adapt, accept, assume or understand the death of a loved one; getting stuck in their loss and unable to move forward.
– Depression by isolation: In this type, the person suffers from depression due to involuntary social isolation for a long period of time.
– Depression due to emotional overload : In this case the person experiences a large number of strong or negative emotions in a short period of time, which causes an emotional overload and eventually a possible depression.
– Depression due to sexual abuse: On many occasions when a person suffers sexual abuse they also end up suffering from depression, since abuse is a very painful and difficult experience to bear.
– Postpartum depression: After having a childbirth, many women suffer from depression due to the feeling of incapacity, the feeling that the situation is overwhelming them, the change in their lives, little family support, etc. It usually occurs in the first few months after delivery.
– Involutive depression: In this case it is given by the passage of time, that is, the person begins to think about what he has achieved in his life, how he has acted, the things that he has not managed to do, etc. Which leads them to feel little fulfilled, with an internal emptiness, without hope, etc. It usually occurs in people over fifty years of age.
– Depression due to cancer or serious illness: Either your own or that of a relative; Finding out that it is suffered can be a very hard blow, with a high level of frustration, fear, feelings of incapacity, etc. If it is not handled properly or the situation is handled well, you can end up suffering from depression.
– Depression due to bipolar disorder : Bipolar disorder is a personality disorder, in which extreme changes of feelings are suffered, going from being happy to being sad very abruptly. This situation can cause depression in the bipolar person.
– Depression due to borderline personality disorder : In borderline disorder the person suffers from strong agitation and emotional instability, which if not attended to in time can end in depression.
– Depression due to medications: The consumption of some medications can cause the person to suffer from depressive symptoms.
– Seasonal depressive disorder : It is a depression that appears in some seasons of the year, generally in autumn and winter. It causes a lack of desire to carry out daily tasks, sadness, physical and mental fatigue, loss of appetite, etc.
– Psychotic depression: Generally, it occurs when the person suffers older, some type of psychosis. For this reason, psychotic symptoms appear, such as hallucinations or delusions, in addition to depressive symptoms.
– Anxious-depressive disorder : In this case, anxiety episodes are mixed with depressive episodes, both having a moderate intensity of symptoms.
How are the types of depression classified?
There are many ways to classify the types of depression, such as: according to its origin, according to its duration (permanent or transitory), according to the intensity of its symptoms (mild, severe or moderate), etc.
Some specialists prefer to opt for a mixture of all the aforementioned forms, thus creating a classification of the most common types in 4 groups, in which it must be taken into account that each person will experience it in a different way and with a different intensity.
– Major or endogenous depression: It is considered one of the most serious types, since the person who suffers from it has very intense symptoms, for example: they feel unable to carry out day-to-day activities, they have a very emotional state low, feels lonely before the world, etc.
For these reasons, suicide rates multiply, as well as suicidal thoughts and self-injurious attitudes. In these cases, it is necessary to go to a psychologist and a psychiatrist to help the person and establish the appropriate measures that are necessary, for example, psychological therapy, medication, etc. This type can be subdivided into:
With a single episode: In which there is only one episode of depression.
Recurrent or recidivist: The depressive episode is repeated two or more times, with a maximum of two months between episodes, throughout the life of the person who suffers it.
Chronic: The person will suffer from depression for life, but the symptoms and the time that elapses between episodes may decrease.
– Somatic depression: This type of depression is caused by brain disorders (bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, multiple personality disorder, etc.), by drug use or by general medical illnesses (depression due to cancer or any type of serious illness).
– Neurotic depression : Neurotic depression, also known as dysthymic or long-lasting disorder , is characterized by a low mood for a long period of time, although not as intense as in other types of depression; due to an inability to carry out his life in a normalized way, due to a lack of desire to perform tasks that were previously pleasant, etc.
It is called neurotic depression because neurotic personality traits are clearly observed, such as: low self-esteem, low level of frustration, insecurity, difficulty in establishing social relationships, emotional hypersensitivity, etc.
Although it is true that in this type of depression the symptoms are not as intense as in others, it must be taken into account that they are experienced daily for at least two years and therefore it is a highly serious depression.
– Situational depression: It is caused by a situation with a high level of suffering for a long period of time. Sometimes people who suffer from this type of depression cannot get out of it on their own, and they get stuck in the painful situation.